At times, the Patawomeck living at the mouth of Potomac and Aquia creeks were more closely allied with that tayac across the Potomac River, rather than with Powhatan on the York River.In 1607 there was no "empire" controlled by either Powhatan or the tayac.One day, when underwater archeology is much easier, we may discover a great deal of information about the first Virginians - under the Chesapeake Bay, and as much as 30 miles offshore from Virginia Beach on the Outer Continental Shelf.
Most artifacts are stone, but a few seeds and bones charred by campfires have survived and facilitate dating ancient archeological sites.
the English discovered Native Americans with different forms of dress, but in this portrayal the bag around the waist looks like the sporran worn by Scots with a kilt Source: Learn NC, Theodor de Brys engraving The Coniuerer (from Thomas Hariots 1588 book ) The cultural patterns of the first Virginians evolved substantially over time; technological change started long before the modern challenges of new computers and social media.
The original small (perhaps just family-based) bands coalesced into organized groups capable of building large ceremonial burial mounds west of the Blue Ridge and in the upper Rivanna/Rappahannock river valleys.
The level of the Atlantic Ocean was lower at the end of the Ice Age, with fresh water locked up in the ice sheets of that era.
The Virginia shoreline was far to the east, and much of the modern continental shelf was exposed above water.